If there is a fire in the building while you are in your room, use the back of your hand to feel the top of the door, the doorknob and the crack between the door and door frame before you open it. Never use the palm of your hand or fingers to test for heat - burning .Those areas could impair your ability to escape from a fire (i.e., ladders and crawling).
1. Open the door slowly and ensure neither fire nor smoke is blocking your escape route, then proceed to the nearest exit.
2. Close the doors behind to limit the possible spread of the fire and smoke.
3. Before you enter the room, find out at least two ways out during emergency and choose one to escape from the fire.
4. Get out and stay out of the building immediately. Never stay to try and save possessions.
5. Once outside, move away from the building (at least 50 ft away from building) and go to the predetermined meeting location.
6. Notify the fire fighters and provide them with necessary information.
7. If smoke, heat, or flames block your exit routes, stay in the room with the door closed. Signal for help using a bright-colored cloth at the window. If there is a telephone available, call the fire department(119) and tell them where you are.
8. If you encounter smoke using your primary exit, use your alternate route instead. If you must exit through smoke, clean air will be several inches off the floor (a wet cloth over your face may help). Get down on your hands and knees, and crawl along the wall to the nearest safe exit.
9. If you are escaping through a closed door, feel the door before opening it. If it is warm, change to your alternative route.
10. Never use elevators during a fire for fear of power failure.
1. DO NOT OPEN IT!
2. Fill the gaps between the door and the frame and all possible vents to keep the smoke from the room.
3. If there are fire safety equipments available, use them to escape.
4. If you are above the second floor, you are better off staying and fighting the fire in your room than jumping off the floor.
5. If the outside air is clear, open the window and wave a sheet to attract the attention of firefighters, or hang them outside the window, alerting fire fighters to your presence. At night, flash light is a good option.
1. “STOP, DROP, AND ROLL” is a rule that everyone should know. If your clothes catch fire, don't run! Stop where you are, drop to the ground, and roll over and over to smother the flames. Cover your face with your hands to protect your face and lungs.
2. If someone gets burned, immediately place the wound in cool water for 10 to 15 minutes to ease the pain. Do not use butter on a burn, as this could prolong the heat and further damage the skin. If burn blisters or chars, see a doctor immediately.
3. Locate exits and stairways as soon as you enter a building, try to consume at a lower floor.
4. Remember that panic and a fire's by-products, such as super-heated gases and smoke, present a greater danger than the fire itself. If you know your plan of escape in advance, you will be less likely to panic and more likely to survive.
5. Contact your local fire agency for further fire safety tips if needed.
6. Tips for using fire extinguisher